Ionic Bond

Also called electrovalent bond, an ionic bond is the electrostatic attraction existing between ions, forcing them to bond together. In other words, when an electron moves from one atom to the atom of another element, the atom losing the electron gets positively charged and the one gaining gets negatively charged. The atom that’s a part […]

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Chemical Compound

A chemical compound is a substance formed by the chemical bond (entailing electron-sharing) between atoms of two or more different elements. In other words, an atom merges with the atom of other element(s) to form a compound. If the atoms have the same parent element, then the substance isn’t a compound. For example, h20 (water) […]

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Sodium Chloride

Sodium chloride (NaCl) is an ionic compound comprising elemental sodium (39.34 percent) and chlorine (60.67 percent). This combination of sodium and chlorine can be available naturally in underground deposits or sea water, or manufactured by making sodium chemically react with chlorine. The mineral is naturally available from a couple of sources – sea and land-based […]

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Salt (Chemistry)

Salt is an ionic compound comprising a metal (cation) and non-metal (anion). The compound is made by a chemical reaction between an acid and a base/ alkali/ carbonate/ metal. When an acid reacts with any of the aforementioned elements, it neutralizes or ceases to exist. During the process, the acid’s hydrogen ion gets replaced by […]

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Nitric Acid

Also known as spirit of niter or aqua fortis, nitric acid is a colorless, extremely corrosive acid. Chemically speaking, the acid is made of a hydrogen atom, nitrogen atom, and three oxygen atoms. The acid is a potent oxidizing agent, which means it’s more than willing to accept electrons from other substances. In general terms, […]

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