Infertility refers to the inability to give birth to a child, even after sexual intercourse without birth control for a year. The situation could have been caused by the female, male, both, or due to unknown reasons. Infertility isn’t a life-threatening medical condition. It affects close to 15 percent of individuals some point during their lives.


  • Smoking increases infertility risks in both women and men. It also nullifies or lessens fertility treatment effects.
  • Over-exercising or no exercising are also linked to male infertility and female infertility.
  • A sedentary lifestyle is at times connected to infertility in both genders.
  • Exposure to chemicals such as herbicides, pesticides, solvents and metals (lead).
  • Stress could affect sperm production and female ovulation. Stressed-out partner(s) are less likely to indulge in frequent sexual intercourse, leading to reduced probabilities of conception (fetal development).


The detection phase involves an infertility checkup, which entails a physical exam. Both the partners’ sexual and health histories are also accounted. In some cases, the cause for infertility may be found during these preliminary tests. However, in most cases, further introspection is needed to reach the cause.


The first stage of treatment entails treating issues detected during the test. Once the specific issues are addressed, fertility drugs along with partner insemination are used to control ovarian stimulation. This makes sure the eggs and sperm interact at the right time inside the fallopian tubes on ovulation day. Also, assisted reproductive technology is incorporated.

Generally, specific treatments are combined based on the case in hand. For instance, the couple’s age, sexual activities, general health, preference, etc. are considered.