Cuisine refers to how a food is being cooked and the quality or skills involved. Different regions have their own way or style of cooking, and therefore cuisines across the globe are not the same. Generally, a cuisine belonging to a particular region is reflective of the place’s food culture, or what the local people there like to eat and how they want it made. The food culture typically refers to how and where the food is being served.
Some cuisines make more use of particular ingredients than other cuisines. For instance, the Western cuisine incorporates more meat, and also uses wheat and barley as staple grains. Indian cuisine, on the other hand, has a lot of rice, and also wheat. Alcohol is also common in Western cuisine, which is not the case in Asian cuisine. Also, some cuisines have ingredients that may not be found in other cuisines. For example, authentic Chinese cuisine may comprise snakes, frogs and other similar reptiles that would certainly not be found in mainstream Indian or Western cuisines.
Generally, it’s believed a cuisine ceases to be authentic if it’s not done by a native. This is because there’s a notion that foreigners can mimic the techniques involved in preparing a local dish but cannot comprehend the dish in its entirety. This, however, is a debate that cannot easily come to a conclusion. From a neutral perspective, a cuisine stays authentic if it’s done right, irrespective of who does it – a local or foreigner. The key is to stick to the unique cooking techniques, and the cuisine’s spirit and principles. The ingredients come in to the picture later.