A specialized or specialist hospital is a medical facility catering to specific medical problems, or a particular demographic. In other words, a children’s hospital, or a heart specialty center is a specialized hospital. These hospitals either focus on medical subdivisions such as psychiatric care, ENT, neurological disorders, etc. or on specific patient groups such as children or women.
The kinds of specialized hospitals include rehabilitation hospitals, trauma centers, children’s hospital, mental hospital, to name a few. Most specialized hospitals have modest, single-block infrastructure. But there are also specialized institutes with multiple blocks. At times, a specialized hospital may have two different focus areas, such as ENT and dentistry, within the same campus in two different blocks.
Some specialized hospitals could be affiliated with educational institutions for the training and research benefits of medical interns and fresh graduates. Such hospitals are commonly referred to as teaching hospitals and often get partially or fully funded by the state.